Dating us military buttons
Buttons of this period can be divided into three general types: Type I represents the 1-piece flat buttons made by either 1) casting metal (lead, pewter, or brass) in a mold which also provided an integral eyelet; in some buttons the hole in the shank was drilled, or 2) striking the device on a brass disk; a wire eyelet or loop shank was fastened by brazing. This type was invented by Benjamin Sanders of Birmingham, England in 1813.
The button was made of two pieces, a front shell upon which the device was struck, and a back plate to which a wire eyelet or loop shank was fastened by brazing.
Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H.
This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only Most information on this page is from: Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K. Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S.
W H Horstmann was the founder of the Horstmann empire. Backmark: "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / (dot) NY dot" dm between two solid rings, inner ring of rays, Steele & Johnson produced ca 1860, large coat size, (Horstmann330).Horstmann Brothers generally operated 1859 to 1893, these "brothers" are the sons of W H Horstmann working together after the founders death. , (two part button, large coat size, 22mm to 23mm). , (two part button, large coat size, 22mm to 23mm). If a button is shanked without pressing a well, then the rays remain at the full length, if a well channel is pressed then part of the rays will be pressed into the well and appear to be shorter. , (two part button, large coat size, 22mm to 23mm).Horstmann Brothers & Allien date 1850s to 1877, this is the brothers sons of WH working with Henry V Allien, after the founders death. It is the opinion of the author that this was done when the button was shanked, and is not actually a variant in the die. Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & ALLIEN / (dot)" dm , this is Horstmann Brothers & Allien, abbreviated mark only used on small button, no rings, (Horstmann430). Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO / (star) PHIL (star)", dm between two rings of dots. & PHILADA (star)" dm between rings, large letters no serifs, manufactured by Steele & Johnson, transitional use 1865 - 1870, (Horstmann771).References below are to the pictures published Plates B-16 to B-18.Pictures were not published for the majority of the listings. SONS / (dot) PHI (dot) " rmdc shallow channel plain background, outer solid ring gives the appearance of a double ring, probably made by Steele & Johnson, 1850's, (Horstmann221).