Rapid growth of online dating services dating first date conversation
Rising Pressure for Both Sexes As a result of the one-child Policy, many families began to selectively abort female children in order to try to have boys, who are traditionally preferred due to the cultural expectation that men will help support the family and take care of their parents in old age. Bliney estimated that more than 1.5 million sex-selective abortions were carried out in China between 1983 and1990.Both men and women are under growing pressure to find a partner in an increasingly difficult environment.While the mean age of marriage is rising, marriage is still nearly universal among the Chinese.More than 99% of women between the ages of 35 and 39 in mainland China have been married at least once, according to a study by Gavin W. The traditional emphasis on finding a partner with a similar educational pedigree and economic standing is still followed in the digital world.(A generation ago, a washing machine and refrigerator would have sufficed.) All these personal facts can also be found on the profiles hanging in the People’s Park marriage market. According to the United Nations, 2011 marked the first year ever that the number of people living in Chinese cities exceeded the number living in the countryside.As the Chinese government gradually relaxed its control over urban migration — by loosening the restrictions of the 1958 Hukou System, which afforded social benefits only to those who could prove identification from the local province — more and more individuals have taken advantage of new economic opportunities by migrating to cities. While a great deal of research has explored the economic, political and environmental issues that will be affected by increasing urbanization, far less has examined how this trend has impacted China from a social standpoint.
On the contrary, the primary players in this space — Jiayuan, Zhenai and Baihe — advertise themselves explicitly as marriage websites focused on helping singles find their future life partner.
According to Shang-Hsiu Koo, CFO of Jiayuan, China’s largest online matchmaking website, what users value most in a potential match are education level, age, height and residency (in China, having a residency permit, in a top-tier city is highly desirable because only those with permits have access to public services and certain employment opportunities in that city).
In addition, for men today to be taken seriously, they must own a car and hold a deed to an apartment.
As of the 2005 census, there was a staggering gender gap of approximately 32 million more males than females under age 20.
Because of this gender gap, the first level of pressure comes from the fact that there are simply not enough women available for all of the men.